For the Dutch chess player, see Johannes van den Bosch (chess player).
Johannes, Count van den Bosch (2 February 1780 – 28 January 1844) was a Dutchofficer and politician. He was Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1830–1833), commander of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, Minister of Colonies, and Minister of State. He was an officer in the Military William Order.
Johannes van den Bosch was born on 2 February 1780 in Herwijnen in the Dutch Republic (the present-day Netherlands), to the physician Johannes van den Bosch Sr. and his wife Adriana Poningh.
Van den Bosch enrolled in the army of the Batavian Republic in 1797 and was, at his own request, sent to Batavia in the Dutch East Indies as a lieutenant a year later. At the time, the emphasis was put on asserting commercial interest, and Dutch control over the Indonesian archipelago was limited. As an adjutant, Van den Bosch remained close to the consecutive Governor-Generals, and was involved in the transformation from trade colonialism to territorial colonial expansion. In 1808, he had a conflict with the new Governor-General, Herman Willem Daendels, after which he was honourably discharged from service at the rank of colonel. He and his family were sent back to Europe in 1810.
On his way back to the Netherlands, Van den Bosch was captured by the British, and remained a captive until 1812. Upon arriving in the Netherlands, he joined the provisional government tasked with restoring the authority of the Prince of Orange, William Frederick. He was recommissioned in the army as a colonel and, in the name of the Prince of Orange, captured Utrecht and Naarden. In 1818, Van den Bosch was involved in the establishment of the Society of Humanitarianism, under the auspices of Prince Frederick, and was put on inactive in the military in order to focus on the society. The society considered labour to be the only means to combat poverty. In Drenthe, it founded the 'free colonies' of Frederiksoord, Willemsoord and Wilhelminaoord, where the poor from big cities would learn to care for themselves in a disciplined manner.
In 1827, Van den Bosch was tasked with restoring Dutch control over the West Indies as commissioner-general. He left the society and arrived on Curaçao in December that year, and would stay in the colony for eight months. During this period, he took several initiatives concerning trade and banking, focussed on stimulating economic activity and scope of the colony. Among other things, he introduced a regulation which would make the Constitution of the Netherlands apply to the colony as well, and used it to attempt to improve the living conditions of slaves. Only shortly after his return in 1828, Van den Bosch rose to the rank of lieutenant general and was appointed Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. In this capacity, he is most famous for the introduction of the cultivation system in 1830. This system forced Javanese farmers to use a fifth of their farmland for export goods such as coffee, sugar and indigo.
Van den Bosch returned to the Netherlands on 18 May 1834, and was appointed Minister of Colonies on 30 May. As Minister, he demanded increasingly high financial results from the colonies, often to the detriment of the interest of individual farmers and slaves. In 1839, he received criticism from the House of Representatives for the opaqueness of his policy on loans between the government and the Netherlands Trading Society. Van den Bosch voluntarily stepped down from office on 1 January 1840, upon which he was granted the title Count van den Bosch by royal decree, as well as the honourable title of Minister of State. He entered the House of Representatives for South Holland in 1842 and would remain there until his death.
Count van den Bosch died on 28 January 1844 at his estate in The Hague, as a result of a short disease.
- 17 June 1835: elevated into the Dutch nobility with the title of Baron
- 25 December 1839: created Count (Dutch: Graaf)
- ^ abcde(in Dutch)J. graaf van den Bosch, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 18 January 2015.
- ^ abcdefg"Johannes van den Bosch". Biografisch Woordenboek van het Socialisme en de Arbeidersbeweging in Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- ^Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek (NNBW) (in Dutch).
...JOHANNESVANDENBOSCH RECEIVES AN E-MAIL – A Case Analysis From reading the case, ‘JohannesVanDenBosch Receives an e-mail’, I understand the importance of cross cultural communication, its perception, attribution and challenges involved within. JohannesVanDenBosch, a Dutch man working for the BigFour firm, when faced with the difficulty of encountering an upset customer for not having met the deadline of approved deliverables decides to write an e-mail to his Mexican counter-part, Pablo Menendez. While at first, he dumps all of his frustration and indignation in his draft mail, he decides to take a ‘cool-off’ recess to regain neutrality. After a short while, he rewrites his mail by ‘sticking to the facts’. In his mail, he clearly states his position and commands accountability in a very ‘direct’ tone. His intention in sending the e-mail is to strictly get down to business. There is a very formal intonation throughout the mail. His idea in writing the mail is to emphasise how important the job at stake was, and also how urgently it was to be done. He wanted to know what had caused the unresponsiveness of the latter in updating the status of the project deliverable. Towards the end, he also mentions that he wants his counter-part to provide him a weekly status henceforth and also tell him immediately...