Flexibility In The Workplace Essays

Flexible Working Essay

INTRODUCTION

The concept of 'a job for life' and a compliant, loyal workforce is long gone. In its place are more self-determined employees who know their rights and demand ever more freedom, flexibility and co-operation from their employer frequently with powerful unions, and now new legislation to back them up.

DEFINITION

Flexible working is a broad term covering a variety of working time patterns and other working arrangements. For employers, flexible-working helps to meet business needs in a competitive environment by improving retention, responsiveness and reducing employment costs and overheads. For employees, flexible working can help to achieve a better balance between home and work priorities.

For employers the benefits enable them to:

Attract a greater range of skilled candidates

Retain valued employees

Improve services to customers

Increase productivity

Reduce absenteeism

Improve staff motivation and loyalty

Build reputation as best practice employer

Reduce unplanned staff shortages

Benefits for employees include:

A better work-life balance

Less stress and improved health

Greater control over working lives

Greater responsibility and sense of self value

Loyalty and commitment

Reduces commuting problems

Industrial Society survey

A recent Industrial Society survey of 516 human resource specialists found that 91% of respondents' organizations use some form of flexible working. This compares with 84% in 1998. 75% of respondents said that flexible working made good business sense for the organisation, with almost two-thirds (63%) saying that it builds trust, loyalty and commitment.

But many businesses (31%) apply flexible working practices only at an informal level. The Industrial Society argues that there is a risk that informal policies can short-circuit employee consultation and lead to inconsistencies.

Other, less significant problems, may prejudice some employers against the concept, including: said

Communication difficulties (cited by 43% of respondents)

Difficulty in managing varying working arrangements (31%)

And resentment from staff on standard contracts (27%)

THE ROLE OF FLEXIBLE WORKING

Correctly designed flexible working schemes are proven to have a significant positive impact on the productivity and retention of workforce of businesses of all sizes and those with 100 employees or more in particular. For example, by using demand analysis methodology and developing flexible working contracts, staff supply can be synchronised with anticipated market requirements to increase retention, output, speed response times and help companies effortlessly meet changing seasonal needs and often short-term business functionality.

The UK and USA are said to have developed flexible labour markets. A...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

Flexible Work Practices and Firm Characteristics

2207 words - 9 pages INTRODUCTION An increasing amount of companies are implementing flexible work practices as more US households have dual incomes, working longer hours, and labor force participation rates increase (Winder, 2009). Flexible work practices can enable workers with care giving responsibilities to perform at their peak capacity instead of conforming to standard work schedules that stifle their efforts to succeed (Glass, 2004). If, true the...

Flexible Work in Australia Essay

2158 words - 9 pages The Necessity of Flexible Work Policies in Australia This paper draws on current literature regarding flexible working in Australian organisations with particular attention paid to work life balance, gendered effects of traditional and flexible working arrangements, and to the potential business case for flexible working. In this paper, flexibility is defined as how and when work gets done and how careers are organised. It is also discusses...

Changing Work Patterns

1570 words - 6 pages Changing Work Patterns If the workplace of today could be characterized by a single theme, it would most likely focus on the continual presence of change. Dramatic changes in technology, the marketplace and the workforce have compelled organizations to re-evaluate not only the competitiveness of their products, but also the core ways in which work is performed. It is out of this pursuit for continued survival that organizations have been faced...

Some Rights for Working Mothers

815 words - 3 pages To give some privileges to working mothers is an essential necessity, not only for their children and family but also for the future of the society. If young working mothers are given some rights, especially for the well-being of their children, they will be able to bring up healthy, successful and happy children who are grown-ups of the future. It is usually very difficult to work under stress for hours while a child would be waiting for the...

The Importance of Work-Life Initiatives

2140 words - 9 pages Work causes stress. Both men and women are working, raising a family, and going to school. Previously, women in the work force take demotions or walk away from their careers’ when having children. Today, families rely on a dual income. With both parents working full time, while raising children, the relationship between work and home responsibilities are unbalanced. Subsequently, this unbalance creates stress for both the employee...

Employee retention

1137 words - 5 pages Employee retention is very important to organizations. If employees can not be retained, the company will have to invest money for training new employees time and time again. The cost of replacing an employee is high not only financially, but in terms of lost productivity, the time taken by the employer to go through the resumes and the cost incurred to conduct interviews. The best away to avoid this costly affair is to focus on the retention...

Workplace Diversity

2063 words - 8 pages Needs, values and priorities of employees and employers have changed dramatically over the last decade. On all rungs of the corporate ladder, men and women are seeking new ways to manage the time they spend working so they can spend more time living. In the boardrooms, executives are seeking ways to attract - and retain - the best employees so they can continue to survive and thrive in a highly competitive global economy.Interestingly...

The dynamics of a flexible firm.

1983 words - 8 pages The flexible firm has become an integral part of world business practice and is becoming increasingly important in a firm's quest to maintain and enhance profitability in what has become an increasingly competitive market with the onset and development of globalisation - a phenomenon which has undoubtedly created what can be deemed 'the new economy'. Indeed it can certainly be argued that the 'flexible firm' is extremely evident and applicable...

Flexible Organization

2312 words - 9 pages A proper flexible organization provides its work force arrangements where employees are given greater freedom to balance their work and personal commitments such as family, higher education, community activities, religious commitments, professional development, and general interests. Above is Atkinson's model of a flexible firm. He argued that firms increasingly seek 4 kinds of flexibility functional, numerical, pay, distancing. Functional...

Telecommuting

1136 words - 5 pages Telecommuting, e-commuting, e-work, telework, working at home (WAH), or working from home (WFH) is a work arrangement in which employees enjoy flexibility in working location and hours. In other words, the daily commute to a central place of work is replaced by telecommunication links. Many work from home, while others, occasionally also referred to as nomad workers or web commuters utilize mobile telecommunications technology to work from coffee...

Critical Analysis-Workplace Flexibility

1576 words - 6 pages This review is based on the theories regarding the use of flexible work practices and how they can affect employee's career success. This theory lies on the premise of personal attributes of the employees and how they are reevaluated in the eyes of the managers and used to determine the career incline of the said employees.It is theorized that employees with more flexible attitude towards work pressure have more involvement in their...

Advantages and Disadvantages of Flexible Work Schedules

The Opportunities Outweigh the Disadvantages of Flexible Work Schedules

Advantages for employers and employees exist when the employer allows employees to work flexible schedules. Whether the flexible work schedule involves compressing work days, flexible daily hours, or telecommuting, challenges exist for the employer and the employee. Let's take a look at the advantages for employers and employees that flexible work schedules provide.

Advantages of Flexible Work Schedules for Employees

With flexible work schedules, employees experience these benefits:

  • Flexibility to meet family needs, personal obligations, and life responsibilities conveniently. If you have a flexible schedule, you can go to a parent-teacher conference during the day, take a yoga class, or be home when the washing machine repair person comes.
  • Reduced consumption of employee commuting time and fuel costs. In some areas, commutes of more than an hour each way are not uncommon. If these employees are allowed to work from home, that saves two hours of time, gas, and wear and tear on the road. Not to mention, fewer people driving means it's easier for those people who are commuting.
  • Avoids traffic and the stresses of commuting during rush hours. You'd be amazed at how much faster a commute can be if you have to be in the office at 10:00 instead of 8:00.
  • Increased feeling of personal control over schedule and work environment. One reason people like to work for themselves is the control issue. By allowing employees to determine their own schedule and work environment, you appeal to the entrepreneurial spirit—which can be good for your employees.
  • Reduces employee burnout due to overload. Flexibility means employees can take a break when they need it without incurring the wrath of a boss.
  • Allows people to work when they accomplish most, feel freshest, and enjoy working. (eg. morning person vs. night person). Many managers feel that early birds are hard workers and night owls are slackers. There's no evidence that that is the case—it's simply cultural.
  • Depending on the flexible work schedule chosen, may decrease external childcare hours and costs. It needs to be clear that for all but a handful of jobs, working from home still requires child care. However, if a couple both have flexible schedules, mom can go into the office at 6:00 a.m. and dad can get the kids ready for school. Mom's 8-hour day is finished by 2:00 p.m. and she is there to meet the bus by 3 p.m., while Dad starts his workday at 9:30 a.m. The result is two full-time jobs and incomes with no childcare costs.

Advantages of Flexible Work Schedules for Employers

With flexible work schedules, employers experience these benefits:

  • Increased employee morale, engagement, and commitment to the organization.
  • Reduced absenteeism and tardiness.
  • Increased ability to recruit outstanding employees.
  • Reduced turnover of valued staff.
  • Allows people to work when they accomplish most, feel freshest, and enjoy working. (e.g. morning person vs. night person).
  • Extended hours of operation for departments such as customer service.
  • Develops image as an employer of choice with family-friendly flexible work schedules.
  • There are also key organizational challenges you need to address to make flexible work schedules support your business. In and of themselves, as a positive benefit for employees, flexible work schedules support employee engagement, positive morale, and retention. But, flexible work schedules must operate to meet the needs of the business, too.

Disadvantages of Flexible Schedules for Employees

Employees who thrive in an office environment may find it difficult to work when his colleagues don't hold the same schedule. This is why many employers require core days and core hours during which everyone is in the office. 

Working from home can often make neighbors and friends think you aren't actually working, thus causing problems with relationships. (Friends can become upset when you say you can't watch their child, or let the repairman into their houses—because, after all, you're home all day.)

There is no clear delineation between work and home. When you use flexible schedules sometimes that means work all of the time. If your boss allows you the flexibility to go to to your child's soccer game, then the boss may not feel guilty about calling you at 9:30 p.m.

Disadvantages of Flexible Schedules for Employers

In team-oriented departments, teams still need to meet, which requires some set guidelines.

Some people take advantage of the flexibility and use that as an invitation to work from home which really means watch Netflix with their email screen open.

Some managers, who are used to seeing when their staff members come to work, watching what staff do all day at work, and knowing when people leave for home, have trouble adjusting to the new management style which requires trust.

Office-oriented people sometimes view their work-at-home colleagues as slackers because they can't physically see their productivity.

Compressed work weeks can make client handovers complicated—clients expect service 5 days a week during business hours and can be fussy when an employee isn't in on Friday.

Jobs that require customer-facing responsibilities only allow certain types of flextime. Whole days working from home are not an option. Other kinds of jobs such as assembly-line manufacturing and hands-on healthcare such as nursing share the same disadvantages. Employers struggle with fairness when only certain employees can work remotely.

Overall, the advantages generally outweigh the disadvantages and a good manager can handle the disadvantages. Flexible scheduling has become part of what employees are looking for in their comprehensive employee benefits packages. Your employees will love you; the employer will benefit from overall positive morale which is linked to increased productivity. Best? You will retain your superior employees.

0 thoughts on “Flexibility In The Workplace Essays”

    -->

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *