Compiling A Bibliography The Harvard System


How to Write a Bibliography (Harvard Style)
Books
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • titleof book (italics or underlined),
  • edition (if applicable),
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
Click here to see examples
 Encyclopedia - Print
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (single quotation marks),
  • title of encyclopedia (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city),
  • volume number,
  • page number/s.
Click here to see examples
 Encyclopedia - Online
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (single quotation marks),
  • title of encyclopedia (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • date it was viewed,
  • <URL>.
Click here to see examples
 
Magazine/Journal article - Print
  Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • title of magazine (italics or underlined),
  • volume number (if applicable),
  • issue number (if applicable),
  • page number(s).
Click here to see examples
Magazine/Journal article - Online
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • title of magazine (italics or underlined),
  • volume number (if applicable),
  • issue number (if applicable),
  • page number/s (if applicable).
Click here for example
Newspaper article
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • newspaper name (italics),
  • date,
  • page number/s.
Click here to see example
 
Newspaper article - Online 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • newspaper name (italics),
  • date,
  • page number/s.
Click here to see example
Pamphlet (booklet to 40 pages)
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • title of pamphlet (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city) .
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Internet
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author/editor (if identified) (surname, initials)
  • last update (if identified),
  • title of article (italics or underlined),
  • name of sponsor,
  • date it was viewed,
  • <URL.>.
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CD Roms
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks)
  • year of publication,
  • title of CD Rom (italics or underlined)
  • CD ROM,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
Click here to see example
Video and television recording
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • title of video (italics or underlined)
  • date of recording,
  • format
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
Click here to see example
Email
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of communication,
  • email,
  • date it was viewed,
  • sender's email address.
Personal communications, including email and letters, are not usually included in a bibliography but are quoted in your assignment. If your teacher asks for inclusion in your bibliography, follow the example.

Click here to see example
 
References:
Referencing using the Harvard author-date system 2003, University of South Australia, viewed 1 March 2008,
<http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/learningconnection/student/learningAdvisors/documents/harvard-referencing.pdf>

Compiling a Bibliography

To make the process of compiling your Bibliography easier, you may wish to use the software program Citation 5. This is available to you via the Novell Applications menu.

Nudgee College uses the Harvard system for Referencing. The following examples provide a format for students to use when compiling a Bibliography.

 

Bibliography Format

Your Bibliography is to be arranged alphabetically by author (or title, if no author) in one single list, and placed at the end of the assignment. All material quoted or used in the text of an assignment must be acknowledged by citation and referenced in the Bibliography.

  • One Author
    Windley-Daoust, J. 2001, Living Justice and Peace, Saint Mary's Press, Winona, Minnesota.
  • Two Authors
    Moody, P.E. & Morley, R.E. 1999, The Technology Machine, Free Press, New York, NY.
  • More than two authors but less than five
    Vickers-Rich, P., Rich, T.H., Rich, L.S. & Rich, T. 1997, Australia's Ancient Birds, Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, NSW.
  • More than five authors
    Mudge,P (et.al.) 2003, Living religion: Studies of Religion for Senior Students, Longman Cheshire. Melbourne.
  • Author unknown
    Guide for Effective Expository Essay Writing 1998, University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.
  • Editor but no author
    Healy, J. (ed.) 2003, Drug use in Sport, Spinney Press, Sydney.
  • Article by one Author which is part of a work edited or compiled by another
    Abboud, Dr. A. 2003, "The Stem Cell Debate" quoted in Healy, J. (ed.), Stem Cell Research, Spinney Press, Sydney,  pp.25-28.
  • Corporate Authorship
    Australian Bureau of Statistics 2002, 2002 Year Book Australia (No. 84), Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra.
  • Book – edition
    Morton, JS 1984, Wind power: an overview, 2nd ed., Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
  • Magazine Article - Author known
    Abernathy, M. 2003, "The cable spy", The Bulletin, vol.120, no. 6357, pp. 68-69.
  • Magazine Article - Author unknown
    "Longer working hours" 2003, Social Action, issue 244, pp. 5-7.
  • Newspapers
    Cameron, F. 2003, "There's movement at the top end stations", The Australian, 14 February, pp.27.
  • Document or article from Online Database
    Wilson, T 2005, "Lack of donor support threatens food supplies for 2 million refugees", Africa News Service, May 18 2005, in Expanded Academic, viewed 6 June 2005 http://infotrac.galegroup.com
  • Interviews
    Stephen, R. 2005, Buddhism (Interview), 18 February, Brisbane.
  • CD-ROMS
    Quille, D. 1994, The Way Things Work (CD ROM) Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • DVD
    Pay it Forward 2001, DVD Warner Home Video, Pyrmont, NSW. Starring Kevin Spacey and Helen Hunt, produced by Steven Reuther.
  • Videos
    The Blue Planet (Episodes 1-3) videorecording 2001, BBC Worldwide, London.
  • Web Video Clip
    The Overlander 2007, Overlander.tv: Aboriginal tent embassy, Canberra, online video, accessed 31 July 2007, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=abMlHjO2nh4 . NOTE: It is best not to use the use the name of the person who posted the video clip as the author (unless they produced it)
  • World Wide Web
    Cornish, J. 2000, "Gander Academy's Tropical Rainforest Theme", Gander Academy'sHurricane Resources on the World Wide Web viewed 11 February, 2002 http://www.stemnet.nf.ca/CITE/rforest.htm
  • Email
    Wright, AT 2010, email, 6 June. NOTE: Attachments sent as part of an email should be cited according to the document type, not as an email. Email addresses should never be published without the specific permission of the owner of the address. Intext citation of an email is as any personal communication: "AT Wright confirmed this by email on 6 June 2005."
  • Reference to an encyclopedia article
    "Aluminium" 2001, World Book Encyclopedia, vol. 1, World Book, London, pp.391-398.
  • Reference to whole set of encyclopedias
    The Environment Encyclopedia 2000, Marshall Cavendish, New York, NY, 11 volumes.
  • Podcasts (for audio podcasts use “accessed” rather than “viewed”)
    Star Stuff with Stuart Gary, podcast, ABC Podcasting, 10 March, accessed 12 March, 2010,http://www.abc.net.au/science/podcast/starstuff.xml

For a more comprehensive explanation on referencing: Library Referencing Guides USQ @

www.usq.edu.au/library/referencing/harvard-agps-referencing-guide

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